home elementary second third fourth comparisons math art book

# Fraction Activity ## Materials

• Flower sheets, pages 94-96 (1 set per student)

• Rulers, optional (1 per student)

• Dark markers or pens (1 per student)

• Crayons (1 box per student)

• Scissors (1 per student)

• 12" x 18" construction paper (1 sheet per student)

• Glue sticks (1 per student)

• The completed project prepared by the teacher before the lesson

## Introduction

This project is designed to be students' first introduction to the topic of fractions. More specifically, it introduces students the terms used to describe faction denominators ("halves," "thirds," "fourths," etc.).

Too often, teachers begin fraction instruction with examples consistently showing a small numerator and a large denominator. Before long, students believe that numerators can never be larger than denominators. This shallow understanding leads to confusion once improper fractions are introduced.

The teacher can avoid this problem by waiting to teach these words. The best place to start fraction instruction is with the simple idea of breaking apart a whole. If we break a whole into four parts, than each of those parts is called a fourth. If we lose one of those parts, we only have three fourths left. If we find two more, we have five fourths. In time, students can be adding and subtracting proper and improper fractions before ever even hearing the words numerator and denominator.